Call us free in the UK 0800 043 1022
the guitar specialist Leicester
Login | Account

choosing acoustic guitar

Choosing An Acoustic Guitar

If you browse our selection of guitars either instore or online, you could be forgiven for getting a little confused!  There is a massive range of guitars available, all different prices, sizes, specifications and timbers.  To help you out, we've put together a short buyers' guide.

On this page you will find:

Other relevant pages:

The Importance of a Set-Up

Many guitar shops don't do any set-up work on their instruments. Some will try to persuade you that it's not necessary, but in our experience this just isn't true!

Why? If you pick up most guitars "straight from the box", you will often find they are uncomfortable to play. In many cases, the strings are a long way from the fretboard, making it hard work to hold them down, and causing a fretted chord to sound out of tune even if the open strings are tuned correctly.

Sometimes the strings are too close to the fingerboard, causing fret-buzz and unwanted rattling noises, and sometimes there are rough fret ends that dig into your fingers. Occasionally there are more serious problems, where a well-trained eye will spot that the guitar is not fit for sale and needs to be returned to the manufacturer.

ALL our guitars are set up and inspected thoroughly by our luthiers before sale, so that they play as well as they possibly can when you buy them.

Our basic set-up charge for a guitar bought elsewhere is around £30, yet we carry out this work for free even on the cheapest instruments we sell. Whilst spending £30 of luthiers' time on an instrument worth a little over £100 might seem like commercial suicide(!), we have found that once a customer has bought from us once, they come back again and again - so in the long run, everyone benefits.

For more information, see our acoustic guitar set-up page.

[Back to the Top]

Acoustic or Electro-Acoustic?

A good first step is to decide whether you want a guitar fitted with a pickup so that you can play through an acoustic amplifier or PA system. Many players like to plug in their guitar so that they can use effects units, or to play with a band, in a church or just with friends.

It is much cheaper to buy a guitar with a good pickup system fitted when the guitar is made than to fit one afterwards - so now is a good time to think about it!

[Back to the Top]

Size and Shape

The 4 most popular acoustic guitar sizes - see information below

Most guitars can be categorised as one of 4 basic shapes.

  1. Dreadnought
    This is the classic acoustic guitar shape developed in the 1920's by the Martin Guitar company, and even today, probably 75% of acoustic guitars are derived from this design. Square in shape, the large body gives plenty of volume and projection, but the wide 'waist' tends to make dreadnought guitars feel relatively bulky when rested on the knee, and some smaller players (particularly women) find them uncomfortable to play.
  2. Grand Auditorium
    Rapidly becoming the best selling guitar shape. The larger body is good for depth of tone, the narrow waist makes it very comfortable. This shape gives great balance between bass and treble, making it a good choice for an Electro Acoustic, and adapts well to Fingerstyle as well as Strumming styles. The Grand Auditorium is very versatile, and is often the perfect shape for a player who wants one guitar to fulfill all their requirements.
  3. Grand Concert (Small bodied / Folk size)
    As well as having a small body size, these guitars are often fairly shallow in depth. They are often still surprisingly loud, but unless they are in the higher price range, usually do not have such a warm tone as their larger cousins. Preferred by some smaller players, who find them more comfortable, the tone of small bodied guitars - often described as "tight", "springy", "lively" or "bright" - also makes them a popular choice for ragtime and fingerstyle blues players.
  4. Jumbo
    The largest of the standard shapes, with a big, deep open sound favoured by many for country styles. Made famous by Gibson, whose model J200 was used in the 50's and 60's by some of the greats, including Elvis Presley and the Everly Brothers.

Not all guitars follow these standard shapes.  One thing to bear in mind is that, with the more unusual body shapes, it can sometimes be difficult to find a hard case that fits the guitar, unless the manufacturer supplies one.

Some other body shapes include:

  • Parlour Guitars
    Popular with some ragtime / blues player. A small, narrow body, but with a standard depth. Usually combined with a 12-fret neck - for more information see our article on 14-fret and 12-fret necks
  • Travel Guitars
    Small guitars designed to be easy to carry around. They come in different shapes and sizes, from scaled down dreadnoughts (eg the Baby Taylor) to the tiny Martin Backpacker. They tend to have a short scale length (see below), some are even small enough to be taken on an aeroplane as hand luggage.
  • 12-Fret Necks
    Some dreadnought, grand auditorium and grand concert size guitars have an elongated body that joins on to the guitar's neck at the 12th fret (the neck of most modern guitars joins at the 14th fret).  Some fingerstyle players prefer the tone of these guitars - for more information see our article on 14-fret and 12-fret necks.
  • Slim-Bodied Guitars
    Many Electro Acoustics are made with a shallower body depth. Although they generally don't have the volume or richness of tone of a full-bodied acoustic when unplugged, they tend to be more comfortable to play standing up, and are particularly popular with electric guitarists.
  • Bowl-Back Guitars
    Originally made popular by Ovation, these guitars have a rounded back and sides normally made from fibreglass or plastic. Generally considered to be a bit out-of-fashion these days, but there are still a good few die-hard bowlback players out there who swear by them!

Guitar with a cutaway bodyCutaways

Very popular on electro-acoustics.  A cutaway body gives the player easier access to the highest frets on the guitar.  Guitarists who mainly play electric guitar often prefer acoustic guitars with a cutaway, as do Jazz players.  Some acoustic guitar purists argue that a cutaway diminishes the acoustic quality of a guitar.  As always, the acid test is to play the guitar - if you like it, that's all that matters!

Solid Top or Laminate Top

First of all, a health warning - don't let any of the following information override what your eyes and ears tell you about a guitar!  Not every solid top guitar is wonderful, and not every laminate top guitar is bad. Now read on...

Solid tops on acoustic guitars are made from two 'book-matched' pieces of timberAcoustic guitars were designed to be made out of solid woods.  The top of the guitar is normally constructed from a block of quarter sawn timber, which is then split and opened like a book (bookmatched), then glued together to make one piece, as shown in the illustration.

The top is very strong along the grain and very flexible across the grain.  Struts of wood known as the bracing are glued to the underside to add strength, and transmit vibrations from the strings across the grain.  The vibrating top then radiates the sound out from the guitar to the listener.

Solid tops tend to start out with a better tone, but they are still stiff and tight when new. The more they are played the more freely the top vibrates. This has the effect of enhancing the guitar's tone as it ages

Many budget guitars have laminated tops. The laminate is basically plywood, where the grain of the centre layer (the filling in the sandwich) runs across, while the grain of the front and back run vertically.  Manufacturers use plywood because it is strong and inexpensive.  However, acoustically a laminated top behaves differently to a solid top.  Manufacturers tend to copy the bracing designs developed for solid top guitars, which is not ideal.  The laminate is strong, but stiff, which limits the freedom of the top to resonate.

Also the glue in the laminate has a dampening effect on the tone.  Laminated top guitars can sound ok at lower volumes, but tend to be less articulate when played harder, when they can become a bit muddy and indistinct.  Many players choosing in the store are self-concious and only play quietly, and so don't necessarily pick up on this.

[Back to the Top]

Scale length.

This is the measurement of the sounding length of a guitar string (see our section on guitar measurements above for an illustration).

Scale lengths vary from approximately 630mm (24.8") to 650mm (25.6"). The majority of acoustics are at the longer end of the spectrum, although some small bodied instruments and 12 strings tend to be a bit shorter.  The main difference for the player is that a shorter scale length feels "looser" under your figures at the same string gauge.  However, as the strings get looser, there is a trade off with tone quality - so don't get hung up on this.  Most Martins, Taylors, Lowdens, Collings and other high-end acoustics are long-scale instruments.  That's good enough for us!

[Back to the Top]

14-Fret Neck or 12-Fret Neck?

With most modern acoustic guitars, the neck joins the body at the 14th fret, but there are models available with larger sound chambers that join the neck at the 12th fret.

Some experienced fingerstyle players prefer these for their slightly improved resonance and sustain, but the shorter neck prevents access to some of the higher notes, which can make it harder to play solos and some open chords.  Be aware that it can be difficult to find a case that that will fit properly, unless the manufacturers supply one.

[Back to the Top]

 
  • Facebook
  • YouTube
  • Twitter

Sheehans 40 Point Check & Setup

sheehans-extended-five-year-warranty

music-lessons-leicester

Brands we stock include...

  • Fender Acoustic Guitars
  • Lowden Guitars
  • Martin Guitars
  • Maton Guitars
  • Seagull Guitars
  • Crafter Guitars
  • Fender Guitars
  • Squier Guitars
  • Esp LTD Guitars
  • G and L Guitars
  • Schecter Guitars
  • Nord
  • Yamaha Stage Pianos
  • Shure Microphones
  • Eastman Guitars
  • Faith Guitars

...plus many more!

Visit us in-store

58a London Road
Leicester
LE2 0QD
United Kingdom
Find us on Google Maps

Call Free from UK Landlines → 0800 043 1022 International / Mobile call +44 116 2557492

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google Plus
  • YouTube
powered by PRIAM © 2016